Rhinoplasty is plastic surgery intended to change the shape of the nose. There are many reasons why people decide to go for nose surgery, such as changing the nose’s appearance or curbing breathing problems.
If you need to get a rhinoplasty, you need to understand everything about the procedure, including the success rate, the types of Rhinoplasties, the reasons for Rhinoplasty, recovery, and risks involved.
Types of Rhinoplasties
There are two divisions of Rhinoplasty: non-surgical and surgical Rhinoplasty.
Non-surgical Rhinoplasty is commonly referred to as Liquid Rhinoplasty. It is used to correct temporary issues such as dorsal humps, asymmetry, or a drooping nasal tip. The surgeon injects fillers into the patient’s nose to reshape it and improve contours. The most used filler is known as hyaluronic acid.
Liquid Rhinoplasty is convenient because it takes less time, around 15 minutes, the procedure results are instant, consumes minimal recovery time, and lastly, there is no anesthesia involved in the procedure. However, the results are temporary thus, they must be repeated for maintenance.
Additionally, the filters used have been reported to cause fatal vascular damages such as blockage of arteries or blindness in extreme cases. These complications are rare, but they are possible. It would help if you got an experienced and proficient surgeon.
Surgical Rhinoplasty, on the other hand, is completely a surgical process. There are three main types of Rhinoplasty. They include open Rhinoplasty, closed Rhinoplasty, and secondary Rhinoplasty.
Open Rhinoplasty is also known as external nose surgery. It is performed by making a small incision on the columella. The incision allows the surgeon to easily access the cartilage structure and underlying bone while the patient is under general anesthesia.
Open Rhinoplasty is convenient because it is a permanent solution. The surgeon has accessibility to the nose below the skin surface, thus achieving precision and accuracy on changing the shape of the nose.
However, open Rhinoplasty leaves the patient with a scar on the columellar where the incision was made. The process also involves anesthesia or heavy sedation, which have temporary side effects.
On the other hand, Closed Rhinoplasty involves a procedure where the surgeon makes incisions inside the nostrils and nose. It is mostly recommended to reshape the nose, shorten the nose, remove a dorsal-hump (a dorsal hump is the result of an excess of bone, cartilage, or both in the nasal bridge) or achieve symmetry.
A closed rhinoplasty is convenient because it is a permanent solution to your noise problems. It involves procedure inside the nose, thus no visible scars and swelling on the outside. However, the procedure takes time and precautions to recover. It is advisable to avoid strenuous activities, excessive chewing, and sleeping on your face during the first week.
Lastly is secondary Rhinoplasty. It is a revision surgery after the first surgery when a patient is not satisfied with the results or wants further changes in their nose structure. After the initial surgery is completely healed and recovered, it has to be performed.
Collective Pros and Cons of Surgical Rhinoplasty
Through surgical Rhinoplasty, you can get multiple facial surgeries simultaneously, for instance, chin augmentation. Additionally, surgical Rhinoplasty is a permanent solution, and it also corrects breathing issues.
However, surgical Rhinoplasty imposes the risks of any surgery, including excessive bleeding, infections, bad reaction to general anesthesia or sedatives, or numbness. Surgical Rhinoplasty is an expensive procedure, and it takes a longer time to recover, up to one year as the swelling subsides.
Collective Risks of Non-Surgical Rhinoplasty
Non-surgical Rhinoplasty has been reported to have minimum complications and risks involved. The side effects of the procedure include redness and swelling at the injection point. Tenderness of the nose tissues, bleeding, nausea, vascular occlusion, or blindness due to retinal vascular occlusion.
Preparing for Rhinoplasty
If you are still convinced that you need a rhinoplasty, there are a few steps that you need to follow.
Meet with the doctor and discuss the reasons for your Rhinoplasty and what you are seeking to achieve. The doctor will be able to review your medical history and current medical condition. Conditions such as hemophilia are not compatible with elective surgery.
Meeting the doctor also stages the opportunity for a physical exam on and inside the nose to decide what changes can be made and what changes cannot be made. Ensure you understand the cost of Rhinoplasty and that your insurance might not cover it
After a confirmed surgery appointment, you should avoid painkillers containing aspirin or ibuprofen for two weeks before and after the surgery. This is because the medications slow down blood clotting.
Smokers are advised not to go for Rhinoplasty because cigarettes slow down healing. Nicotine constricts blood vessels, thus less oxygen and blood supply to the healing tissues. Therefore, one is advised to quit smoking for a substantial time before and after the surgery.
Recovery from Rhinoplasty
The doctor might place a plastic or metal splint on your nose after the surgery. This is to maintain the new shape and correction made as healing occurs. The doctor might also place nasal packs or splints inside your nostrils to achieve stability of the septum.
You are advised to rest your head elevated above your chest to reduce bleeding and swelling. You should also expect to experience headaches, bloated face feeling, and nausea.
Doctors also advise patients to avoid the following activities for at least a month after the surgery swimming, excessive chewing, pulling clothes over your head, running and other strenuous activities, and blowing your nose.
The above information on the types of Rhinoplasty, both surgical and non-surgical, will equip you with the necessary understanding of Rhinoplasty. Ensure you understand the risks involved, preparation procedures, recovery procedures, and the side effects to be sure if you are willing to undergo a Rhinoplasty.