It might be frightening to discover blood in the toilet or after wiping. There are several probable reasons, some of which are generally mild, some require treatment, and others may necessitate emergency care.
Bleeding in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract causes blood in the stool. Organs in the GI system include the stomach, small intestine, and large intestine (colon).
The presence of blood in your feces might be concerning. You may have heard that blood in your stool is an indication of cancer, but bleeding is more typically a symptom of a less serious ailment. It can be caused by various disorders, including severe diarrhea or constipation.
Color of stool
Blood in the stool can be caused by bleeding in the upper or lower GI tract, and the hue of the blood can assist in identifying its source.
Stool, black, and tarry
A black, tarry stool may indicate an upper GI bleed. In general, the darker the blood, the more serious the flow source.
The upper GI tract contains the mouth, esophagus, stomach, and duodenum, the upper section of the small intestine. ACCORDING TO THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SURGEONS, upper GI bleeding is more prevalent than lower GI bleeding, accounting for over 70% of all GI bleeds.
The blood is bright crimson.
This is often indicative of a hemorrhage in the lower GI tract. This region includes the large intestine, rectum, and stomach.
Bleeding in Women’s stool
Infants are more likely to have bloody stools. A few reasons are there,
Allergies to proteins in food or milk can result in gastroenteritis, resulting in intestinal bleeding.
Structural gastrointestinal abnormalities
Intestinal malrotation and volvulus, which cause the intestines to twist, might result in bleeding.
This dangerous condition, which causes inflammation and tissue loss in the large intestine, typically affects preterm or newborn kids. The illness may result in:
- Vomiting bile
- Blood in the stool
If a patient reports significant blood loss and a low blood count, the doctor may conduct an emergency endoscopy. This procedure entails introducing a thin, flexible tube with a camera at one end into the GI system to locate the cause of the bleeding.
During an upper endoscopy, the endoscope is guided into the mouth and down into the upper GI tract. A colonoscopy is an endoscopy in which the endoscope is inserted into the anus and along the GI tract.
Once the cause of the bleeding has been found, the doctor can put small devices via the endoscope and utilize them to heal the injured tissue.
If the doctor cannot diagnose and treat the bleed, they may recommend surgery. Advise surgical removal of all or a portion of the affected region.
If the bleeding does not appear to be life-threatening, the doctor may request or conduct one of the following tests:
This test looks for the blood in a stool sample.
Order a blood test
This complete blood count can assist detect how much blood has been lost.
Digital rectal investigation
This entails manually inspecting the rectum to discover ulcers or other sources of leaking within the rectum.
This treatment helps the physician to see the inside lining of the stomach.
- The appropriate course of action is determined by the origin and location of the bleeding inside the GI system.
- The doctor may recommend drugs if the bleeding is caused by an ulcer, infection, or inflammation.
- In certain circumstances, surgery is required to stop additional bleeding. The doctor may use endoscopy or colonoscopy. The technique might include:
- Administering medications to halt the bleeding cauterize the wound using a heat probe, electrical currents, or laser sealing off the damaged blood vessels with a band or clip.
Blood when wiping (but not in the stool)
Bleeding in the upper GI tract, which encompasses the rectum and anus, is the most common cause of blood while wiping. On toilet paper, this blood usually appears brilliant crimson. Hemorrhoids or a*al fissures are two conditions that might generate blood when wiping.
Anyone who detects a lot of blood in their bowel movement should seek immediate medical attention, especially if they are also experiencing dizziness, exhaustion, a fast heartbeat, or shortness of breath.
Blood from disorders that affect other areas of the GI tract can be dark red and even black. This blood may only be visibly mixed with the poo and not on the toilet roll.
What causes bright red blood in stool?
Bright crimson blood in your feces generally signals lower colon hemorrhage. It might suggest either a minor or severe ailment. Bowel cancer is among the most dangerous causes of rectal bleeding, yet it accounts for only approximately 3.4 percent of all cases.
Rectal bleeding can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
- A*al fissure hemorrhoids
- Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, colorectal cancer, and certain diseases such as colitis and diverticulitis
Although blood in the stool might be concerning, it is not necessarily a reason for concern. The reason might be pretty innocuous and resolve on its own.
However, if the bleeding continues, seek medical attention. This is especially critical if the bleeding is accompanied by pain. Based on your symptoms, your doctor will choose which tests you require. A rectal exam or fecal occult blood test may be performed to search for abnormalities or bleed in the colon. The rectal examination is a physical examination (which requires the doctor to touch you). It would be best to supply a stool sample for the fecal occult blood test.
Blood tests, including a complete blood count, may be ordered to determine whether there is evidence of anemia, inflammation, or infection. Anemia results in low hemoglobin levels, whereas inflammation and infection increase white blood cell count.
Stool samples, particularly stool cultures, can also be used to screen for infection and assess illness severity.